The culture wars continue. The country is divided with no end in sight. Tabs or spaces? There's even an insane IMHO assertion that the spaces people make more money. Teams can fight but the problem of formatting code across teams is solved by EditorConfig.
I'm surprised more people don't know about it and use it, so this blog post is my small way of getting the word out. Take a project and make a new. I'll use a dotnet new console example hello world app.
You'll check this file in WITH your project so that everyone on the team shares the team's values. Here in Notepad2 we can see someone has used spaces for whitespace, like a savage. Whitespace appears as pale dots in this editor. I'll open this project in Visual Studio which supports the EditorConfig file natively. Notice the warning at the bottom where VS lets me know that this project has conventions that are different than my own. VS Format Document commands will use tabs rather than spaces for this project.
Here is the same doc reformatted in VS:. At this point I'm comforted that the spaces have been defeated and that cooler heads have prevailed - at least for this project. Even better, if your editor supports it, you can include "EditorConfig Extensions" for specific files or languages. This way your team can keep things consistent across projects. If you're familiar with FxCop and StyleCop, this is like those.
There's a ton of great. You can also set the importance of these rules with things like "suggestion," or "warning," or even "error. Visual Studio here puts up a lightbulb and the suggested fix because my team would rather I use "string" than the full "System. The excellent editorconfig for. Here's just a FEW controversial examples:.
If you're using Visual Studios,orfear not. There's at least a basic EditorConfig free extension for you that enforces the basic rules. There is also an extension for Visual Studio Code to support EditorConfig files that takes just seconds to install although I don't see a C one for now, just one for whitespace. Sponsor: Check out JetBrains Rider : a new cross-platform. Edit, refactor, test and debug ASP. NET Framework. Learn more and download a day trial!
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About Scott Scott Hanselman is a former professor, former Chief Architect in finance, now speaker, consultant, father, diabetic, and Microsoft employee. Sponsored By. Hosting By.This dialog box allows you to change the default behavior of the Code Editor. To display these options, select Options from the Tools menu. This page sets default options for all development languages. Remember that resetting an option in this dialog will reset the Tabs options in all languages to whatever choices are selected here.
To change Text Editor options for just one language, expand the subfolder for that language and select its option pages. If different settings are selected on the Tabs options pages for particular programming languages, then the message "The indentation settings for individual text formats conflict with each other," is displayed for differing Indenting options; and the message "The tab settings for individual text formats conflict with each other," is displayed for differing Tab options.
When selected, new lines are not indented. The insertion point is placed in the first column of a new line. When selected, new lines are automatically indented. The insertion point is placed at the same starting point as the preceding line. When selected, new lines are positioned to fit the code context, per other code formatting settings and IntelliSense conventions for your development language.
This option is not available for all development languages. Sets the size in spaces of an automatic indentation. The default is four spaces. Tab characters, space characters, or both will be inserted to fill the specified size.
When selected, indent operations insert only space characters, not TAB characters. If the Indent size is set to 5, for example, then five space characters are inserted whenever you press the TAB key or the Increase Indent button on the Formatting toolbar. When selected, indent operations insert as many TAB characters as possible. Each TAB character fills the number of spaces specified in Tab size.
If the Indent size is not an even multiple of the Tab sizespace characters are added to fill in the difference. You may also leave feedback directly on GitHub. Skip to main content. Exit focus mode. Caution This page sets default options for all development languages. Is this page helpful?Download video. Visual Docs is a Microsoft Visual Studio extension that significantly boosts your development productivity by enhancing Visual Studio's document tabs with a lot of features that developers have been missing for many years.
Developers typically find themselves having far more documents open than fit on the document strip, and losing track of what they have open. Visual Docs makes sure that you comfortably find your way around your documents. With a proven average ROI of 11 minutes per 8-hour working day, Visual Docs is the essential and leading tool for arranging, customizing and navigating your open documents.
Sign in. Visual Docs - Document tabs extension Visual Docs. The essential extension to Visual Studio's document tabs.
Comfortably arrange, customize and navigate your open documents. Save yourself time and frustration at each click. The essential extension to Visual Studio's document tabs Visual Docs is a Microsoft Visual Studio extension that significantly boosts your development productivity by enhancing Visual Studio's document tabs with a lot of features that developers have been missing for many years.
Features include the following: Group related documents : Related documents are grouped into the same control. The idea behind this is that documents that are likely to be maintained together should be positioned very close to each other. This comes very convenient when a change in one of the involved documents is likely to require a change in the other documents as well.
Furthermore, grouping documents saves a lot of space on the screen, allowing for many more documents to be shown. Style rules : The visualization of the documents is based on style rules, much like CSS rules.
While the out-of-the-box configuration is found suitable by most developers, the behavior and visualization can be intuitively tuned with the ease of picking predefined style rules from a library. In addition you can customize your own style rules to fit your specific needs. Pinboard : Pinning documents allows you to keep your most frequently needed documents just a click away. Pinned documents don't move. They stay exactly where you dropped them.
Furthermore, pinning keeps you from accidentally closing an important document. Scrollbar with miniatures and bird's-eye view : The scrollbar underneath the main strip shows miniature views of all document groups except for the pinned ones, including the ones that are currently out of view.
The miniatures corresponding to document groups that are currently in or out of view on the main strip are highlighted with a yellow or gray border respectively. When hovering the scrollbar with the mouse, or when clicking the icon on the right-hand side of the main strip, a bird's-eye view of all unpinned document groups is shown. Drag and drop : Document groups can be dragged from any position and dropped at any position. They can also be dragged to and from the pinboard, in order to pin or unpin a group respectively.
Groups can even be dragged from the bird's-eye view and dropped onto the main strip or onto the pinboard. Dock the document bar anywhere : As a tool window, the document bar can be docked just anywhere.
Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. In my TypeScript project, every tab converts to spaces, I want to turn it off, and have a tab instead of spaces.
If it didn't help, check that you have no settings with higher priority. For example when you save it to User settings it could be overwritten by Workspace settings which are in your project folder. Now you have alternative to editing those options manually. Click on selector Spaces:4 at the bottom-right of the editor:.
I uninstalled it and the weird behavior stops. Above settings will reflect and applied to every files. Learn more.
Convert spaces to tabs Ask Question. Asked 3 years, 11 months ago. Active 23 days ago. Viewed k times. Matan Yedayev.
Matan Yedayev Matan Yedayev 1, 3 3 gold badges 11 11 silver badges 17 17 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. There are 3 options in. Alex Logvin 1 1 silver badge 8 8 bronze badges. Viragos settings. The name can be Tab Size or Spaces. A menu will pop up with all available actions and settings. For me, this only changes these settings for the particular file I'm currently viewing.
The other files in the project keep their old settings. How would you set it universally? Usually also glance over the matches to make sure nothing will break like multi-line string literals, etc.
Obviously apply these settings so that your new indentations are the desired characters, too! Alex Logvin Alex Logvin 1 1 silver badge 8 8 bronze badges. If you want spaces instead of tabs, modify formatter.
Frustrating to have gone the process of checking boxes and fiddling with settings 3 times for no changes to take, when all I had to do was reload window.
Thanks for the tip!You can add an EditorConfig file to your project or codebase to enforce consistent coding styles for everyone that works in the codebase.
EditorConfig settings take precedence over global Visual Studio text editor settings. This means that you can tailor each codebase to use text editor settings that are specific to that project. You can still set your own personal editor preferences in the Visual Studio Options dialog box. Those settings apply whenever you're working in a codebase without an.
An example of such a preference is indent style—tabs or spaces. It's a portable component that travels with your code, and can enforce coding styles even outside of Visual Studio. When you add an EditorConfig file to your project in Visual Studio, new lines of code are formatted according to the EditorConfig settings. The formatting of existing code is not changed unless you run one of the following commands:. Formatting the document only affects white space settings, such as indent style, unless you've configured Format Document to perform additional code cleanup.
You can define which EditorConfig settings you want Format Document to apply on the Formatting options page. This topic applies to Visual Studio on Windows.
Options, Text Editor, All Languages, Tabs
Settings in EditorConfig files enable you to maintain consistent coding styles and settings in a codebase, such as indent style, tab width, end of line characters, encoding, and more, regardless of the editor or IDE you use. Coding conventions you use on your personal projects may differ from those used on your team's projects. For example, you might prefer that when you're coding, indenting adds a tab character.
However, your team might prefer that indenting adds four space characters instead of a tab character. EditorConfig files resolve this problem by enabling you to have a configuration for each scenario. Because the settings are contained in a file in the codebase, they travel along with that codebase.
As long as you open the code file in an EditorConfig-compliant editor, the text editor settings are implemented. For more information about EditorConfig files, see the EditorConfig. Any style deviations appear only in the Visual Studio editor and Error List. The editor in Visual Studio supports the core set of EditorConfig properties :. In addition, EditorConfig supports code style conventions including languageformattingand naming conventions for C and Visual Basic.
When you add an EditorConfig file to your project or codebase, any new lines of code you write are formatted according to the EditorConfig file. However, adding an EditorConfig file does not convert existing styles to the new ones until you format the document or run Code Cleanup. For example, if you have indents in your file that are formatted with tabs and you add an EditorConfig file that indents with spaces, the indent characters are not automatically converted to spaces.
If you remove an EditorConfig file from your project or codebase and you want new lines of code to be formatted according to the global editor settings, you must close and reopen any open code files.
Open a project or solution in Visual Studio. Select either the project or solution node, depending on whether your. You can also select a folder in your project or solution to add the.
Select the editorconfig File default template to add an EditorConfig file prepopulated with two core EditorConfig options for indent style and size. Or, select the editorconfig File. NET template to add an EditorConfig file prepopulated with default. NET code style, formatting, and naming conventions. The code inference feature of IntelliCode for Visual Studio infers your code styles from existing code. It then creates a non-empty EditorConfig file with your code-style preferences already defined.
The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Note you can also specify this per language if you wish to have different behavior in a specific language. For VS and above VS needs a plugin. Then check if you have a. This will override the Visual Studio settings. Edit the tab-size in that file. See MSDN blog. From here I could change my style and spacing tabs etc.
This is the only project i have where the lead developer has different formatting than i do. It was a pain in the butt that my IDE would format my code different than theirs. Learn more. Visual Studio replace tab with 4 spaces? Ask Question. Asked 7 years, 3 months ago. Active 1 month ago.Tabs vs. Spaces
Viewed k times. Nickolay Kondratyev.
Nickolay Kondratyev Nickolay Kondratyev 3, 3 3 gold badges 17 17 silver badges 36 36 bronze badges. Would somebody mind editing the "" out of the question title? Also it might help to add something to the question that implies that the OP is looking to set the style of new sources; the trick for editing existing sources is cool though.
Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I want the documents to be nicely formatted. In case if your files contains spaces as tabs of equal width all along the solution i. But if your solution files contains tabs made of spaces of different width, or you want to apply single-style formattingthen you definitely should use Resharper 's feature to reformat code.
This feature is called Code Cleanup. To apply code cleanup to whole solution or selected project, go to the solution explorer and select Cleanup code in context menu. But before launching reformatting on whole solution try and tweak it on one file, there's a lot of options in Resharper's settings. I keep a unix tool directory in my path when working in Windows, for just such emergencies. For instance, this would replace all tabs with 4 spaces, in any.
Learn more. Asked 9 years, 5 months ago. Active 10 months ago. Viewed 37k times. Flores Flores 5, 4 4 gold badges 33 33 silver badges 63 63 bronze badges.
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Visual Studio Code Whitespacer
Note of warning: this will replace four spaces regardless of where that occurs, i. Mud Mud Slav Slav 25 9 9 bronze badges. CBarr CBarr Abyx Abyx 10k 3 3 gold badges 32 32 silver badges 70 70 bronze badges. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook.
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